The Month Of Muharram and 10 Muharram

                        سلام یا حُسین

Muharram is one of the most important Islamic month. Every Islamic month has its own importance, but Muharram is considered a sacred month. To understand the importance of Muharram, we will have to look at the events that took place during the month.

First of all, a little introduction about the month of Muharram. Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar and it signifies the beginning of the new Islamic Year. It is like the month January of the Christian Calendar. People celebrate the beginning of the New Year, with firework display and parties. Not just Christians, but when the Chinese New Year starts the celebrate it too, and so do other religions when their New Year starts. Muslims do not celebrate the start of Muharram with any public event because of the event that took place on 10th Muharram.

There are many events which happened on 10th Muharram, and here are the most important of them:

  • Ādam was born.
  • Ādam entered heaven.
  • Repentance of Ādam was accepted.
  • ‘Arsh (the Divine Throne) was created.
  • The Heaven, Sky, Earth, Sun, Moon, and the Stars were created.
  • Sayyidunā Ibrāĥīm was born.
  • Prophet Ibrāĥīm was saved from fire.
  • Prophet Mūsā was saved from Pharaoh while Pharaoh was drowned.
  • Prophet Jesus was born.
  • Prophet Jesus was raised up to the skies.
  • Prophet Nūḥ’s ark parked on the mount of Jūdī.
  • Prophet Sulaimān was bestowed as a king.
  • Prophet Yūnus was brought out of the stomach of the whale.
  • Eyesight of Prophet Ya’qūb began to restore.
  • Prophet Yūsuf was taken out from the well.
  • Prophet Ayūb was relieved of his affliction.
  • First ever rain in this world.
  • Imām Ḥussaīn and his companions were brutally martyred in Karbalā after being kept starved for days.
 
Kufa, a city in the Arabian Peninsula, was ruled by the tyrant Yazeed. Yazeed was an evil leader who was unjust and evil. His leadership was opposite to the teachings of Islam and he was forcing people to become his followers. Many people accepted him as their leader out of fear of death as they were no match for his evil army. One of the Masjid’s Imam wrote a letter to Imam Hussain for help. He requested Imam Hussain to come and protect us from the evil Yazeed.

Upon receiving the letter, Imam Hussain consulted with his companions and they warned him not to go to that area since the people of Kufa are famous for betrayal. Imam Hussain already knew beforehand where his shahadat would take place and decided to go and help the people of Kufa overcome the evil leader. 

Imam Hussain along with 42 companions that included women and children started their journet to Kufa. While on the way, they were intercepted by Yazeed’s army at Karbala. They surrounded Imam Hussain and his companions and cut off their food and water supply. For days, they were left hungry and thirsty. Finally, on 10th Muharram Yazeed’s army attacked Imam Hussain and his companions and all received shahadat.

Imam Hussain could have easily surrended to the tyrant Yazeed to save the lives of innocent women and children who were accompanying him. Instead he stood up for the Right and gave his life away in cause of the Truth. Today 10th Muharram is observed as the day when The Right and Just won against the wrong and evil; the day the flag of Islam rose again.
                                                                                                                                                                                       To observe the shahadat of Imam Hussain, Muslims fast on 9th and 10th Muharram, and feed people. Regarding the fast on Day of Ashura, Prophet Muhammad said ‘Leaving Ramaḍān, the fast of Muḥarram is most superior, and the most superior Ṣalāĥ after the Farḍ Ṣalāĥ is Ṣalāt-ul-Layl (i.e. Nawāfil performed during the night).’ (Saḥīḥ Muslim, pp. 591, Ḥadīš 1163).
‘The fast of every day of Muḥarram is equivalent to the fasts of one month.’ (Mu’jam Ṣaghīr, pp. 71, vol. 2)

                                                                                                                                                                                       Muslims also feed people on this day. It is stated that Prophet Muhammed (Peace Be Upon Him) said “Whoever increases provisions generously for his family on the day of ‘Āshūraĥ, i.e. he prepares more food than usual and make them eat to full appetite, Allah will grant an increase as
well as more goodness and blessings in his sustenance for the entire year. (Māšabata bis-Sunnaĥ, Shaĥr-ul-Muḥarram, p. 17)

10th Muharram is an important Day in the Muslim Calendar. The leader of the youths in Heaven Imam Hussain knew beforehand what fate awaits him as he went on his mission to confront Yazeed. But, he didn’t back down and went ahead to fight for the cause of Islam. Islam won that day and Imam Hussain’s shahadat raised the flag of Islam forever.   

The Month Of Muharram and 10 Muharram

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